Inventors of the First Water Fountains

Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century often functioned as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci as a imaginative genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance master. He methodically noted his ideas in his currently recognized notebooks, after his tremendous interest in the forces of nature guided him to examine the attributes and mobility of water. Coupling imagination with hydraulic and landscaping expertise, early Italian water fountain engineers changed private villa settings into innovative water exhibits full with symbolic implications and natural charm. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, design and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Other water feature engineers, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water functions and water jokes for the many properties in the vicinity of Florence, were tried and tested in humanist topics and classical scientific readings.

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